Hyderabad is the capital city of Telangana and de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh. Also known as the City of Pearls, the city was established in 1591 by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, and remained under the rule of the Qutb Shahi dynasty for nearly a century before the Mughals captured the region.
The city is home to more than 1300 IT and ITES firms, including global conglomerates such as Microsoft (operating its largest R&D campus outside the US), Google, IBM, Yahoo!, Dell, Facebook, and Indian majors like Tech Mahindra, Infosys, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) and Wipro. As of 2013, it contributed 15% of India's and 98% of Andhra Pradesh's exports in IT and ITeS sectors and 22% of NASSCOM's total membership are from the city.
In 2014, the newly formed state of Telangana split from Andhra Pradesh and the city became the joint capital of the two states, a temporary arrangement scheduled to end by 2025.
As per the 2011 Census the population of Hyderabad was pegged at approx 6,809,970. The city ranks among the Top Five densely populated cities in India and is the sixth most populous urban agglomeration in the country.
Hyderabad has a tropical wet and dry climate bordering on a hot semi-arid climate. The annual mean temperature is 26.6 °C (79.9 °F); monthly mean temperatures are 21–33 °C (70–91 °F). Telugu is the official language of Hyderabad and Urdu is its second language.
Residents of Hyderabad are predominantly Telugu and Urdu speaking people, with minority Bengali, Gujarati (including Memon), Kannada (including Nawayathi), Malayalam, Marathi, Marwari, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil and Uttar Pradeshi communities.
Transport & Infra:
Trains, buses and auto-rickshaws are the most popular modes of inter-city transport in Hyderabad. The city's bus services ferry over 130mn passengers across the entire network. The city’s light rail transportation system, the Multi-Modal Transport System (MMTS), is a three line suburban rail service used by over 160,000 passengers daily.
The Hyderabad Metro, a new rapid transit system, is to be added to the existing public transport infrastructure and is scheduled to operate three lines. Hyderabad sits at the junction of three National Highways linking it to six other states.
Five state highways, SH-1, SH-2, SH-4, SH-5 and SH-6, either start from, or pass through the city. Air traffic is handled by the Rajiv Gandhi International Airport (RGIA) which can handle 12 million passengers and 100,000 tonnes of cargo per annum.
Hyderabad's realty market which recently weathered a storm with the bifurcation of the state is expected to see a revival over the next few quarters. While the residential realty has not performed on expected levels, the city is expected to add 3-4 mn sq. ft of office space this fiscal, triggered by a strong demand from the IT and ITeS sector.
The Charminar: As much the signature landmark of Hyderabad as the Eiffel Tower is of Paris.
Mecca Masjid: Two hundred yards southwest of the Charminar is the Mecca Masjid, so named because the bricks were brought from Mecca to build the central arch.
Laad Baazar: This is famous, colourful shopping centre of the old city, in a bylane close to the Charminar.
Qutb Shahi Tombs: The tombs of the legendary Qutb Shahi kings lie about a kilometre away from Banjara Darwaza of the Golconda Fort.
Nehru Zoological Park: Spanning 300 lush green acres, the Nehru Zoological Park is a must for nature lovers.
Hitec City: One of the modern monuments of trade and technology, it embodies the newfound attitude of Hyderabad.
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